RabbitMQ生产者和消费者Java实现

RabbitMQ生产者和消费者Java实现

添加Maven依赖:

使用rabbitmq-client的最新Maven坐标:

<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.rabbitmq/amqp-client -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.rabbitmq</groupId>
    <artifactId>amqp-client</artifactId>
    <version>5.3.0</version>
</dependency>

添加账户

默认情况下,访问RabbitMQ服务的用户名和密码都是“guest”,这个账号有限制,默认只能通过本地网络(如localhost)访问,远程网络访问受限,所以在实现生产和消费消息之前,需要另外添加一个用户,并设置相应的访问权限。

添加新用户,用户名为“zifeiy”,密码为“passwd”:

rabbitmqctl add_user zifeiy passwd

为zifeiy用户设置所有权限:

rabbitmqctl set_permissions -p / zifeiy ".*" ".*" ".*"

设置用户zifeiy为管理员角色:

rabbitmqctl set_user_tags zifeiy administrator

计算机的世界是从“Hello World!”开始的,这里我们也沿用惯例,首先生产者发送一条消息”Hello World!“至RabbitMQ中,之后由消费者消费。
下面先演示生产者客户端的代码,然后再演示消费者客户端的代码。

生产者客户端代码



import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

import com.rabbitmq.client.Channel;
import com.rabbitmq.client.Connection;
import com.rabbitmq.client.ConnectionFactory;
import com.rabbitmq.client.MessageProperties;

public class RabbitProducer {
	private static final String EXCHANGE_NAME = "exchange_demo";
	private static final String ROUTING_KEY = "routingkey_demo";
	private static final String QUEUE_NAME = "queue_demo";
	private static final String IP_ADDRESS = "127.0.0.1";
	private static final int PORT = 5672;	// RabbitMQ服务端默认端口号为5672
	
	public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException, TimeoutException {
		ConnectionFactory factory = new ConnectionFactory();
		factory.setHost(IP_ADDRESS);
		factory.setPort(PORT);
		factory.setUsername("zifeiy");
		factory.setPassword("passwd");
		Connection connection = factory.newConnection();	// 建立连接
		Channel channel = connection.createChannel();		// 创建信道
		// 创建一个type="direct"、持久化的、非自动删除的交换器
		channel.exchangeDeclare(EXCHANGE_NAME, "direct", true, false, null);
		// 创建一个持久化、非排他的、非自动删除的队列
		channel.queueDeclare(QUEUE_NAME, true, false, false, null);
		// 将交换器和队列通过路由绑定
		channel.queueBind(QUEUE_NAME, EXCHANGE_NAME, ROUTING_KEY);
		// 发送一条持久化的消息:hello world!
		String message = "hello,world!";
		channel.basicPublish(EXCHANGE_NAME, ROUTING_KEY, 
					MessageProperties.PERSISTENT_TEXT_PLAIN, 
					message.getBytes());
		// 关闭资源
		channel.close();
		connection.close();
	}
}

运行。

消费者客户端代码



import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

import com.rabbitmq.client.AMQP;
import com.rabbitmq.client.Address;
import com.rabbitmq.client.Channel;
import com.rabbitmq.client.ConnectionFactory;
import com.rabbitmq.client.Consumer;
import com.rabbitmq.client.DefaultConsumer;
import com.rabbitmq.client.Envelope;
import com.rabbitmq.client.Connection;

public class RabbitConsumer {
	private static final String QUEUE_NAME = "queue_demo";
	private static final String IP_ADDRESS = "127.0.0.1";
	private static final int PORT = 5672;
	
	public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException, TimeoutException, InterruptedException {
		Address[] addresses = new Address[] {
				new Address(IP_ADDRESS, PORT)
		};
		ConnectionFactory factory = new ConnectionFactory();
		factory.setUsername("zifeiy");
		factory.setPassword("passwd");
		// 这里的连接方式与生产者的demo略有不同,注意区分
		Connection connection = factory.newConnection(addresses);	// 创建连接
		final Channel channel = connection.createChannel();	// 创建信道
		channel.basicQos(64); 	// 设置客户端最多接受未被ack的消息的个数
		Consumer consumer = new DefaultConsumer(channel) {
			@Override
			public void handleDelivery(String consumerTag, Envelope envelope, 
							AMQP.BasicProperties properties, byte[] body) throws IOException {
				System.out.println("recv message: " + new String(body));
				try {
					TimeUnit.SECONDS.sleep(1);
				} catch (InterruptedException e) {
					e.printStackTrace();
				}
				channel.basicAck(envelope.getDeliveryTag(), false);
			}
		};
		channel.basicConsume(QUEUE_NAME, consumer);
		// 等待回调函数执行完毕后,关闭资源
		TimeUnit.SECONDS.sleep(5);
		channel.close();
		connection.close();
	}
}

运行,命令行输出如下:

recv message: hello,world!
本文来源huayang183,由架构君转载发布,观点不代表Java架构师必看的立场,转载请标明来源出处:https://javajgs.com/archives/18692

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