JavaScript 数组长度_数组长度怎么看

JavaScript 数组长度_数组长度怎么看lengthisapropertyofarraysinJavaScriptthatreturnsorsetsthenumberofelementsinagivenarray.length是JavaScript中数组的属性,它返回或设置给定数组中的元素数。Thelengthpropertyofanarraycanbereturnedlik...

length is a property of arrays in JavaScript that returns or sets the number of elements in a given array.

length是JavaScript中数组的属性,它返回或设置给定数组中的元素数。

The length property of an array can be returned like so.

数组的length属性可以这样返回。

let desserts = ["Cake", "Pie", "Brownies"];
console.log(desserts.length); // 3
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The assignment operator, in conjunction with the length property, can be used to set the number of elements in an array like so.

赋值运算符与length属性一起可用于像这样设置数组中元素的数量。

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let cars = ["Saab", "BMW", "Volvo"]; cars.length = 2; console.log(cars.length); // 2

有关数组的更多信息: (More info about arrays:)

isArray()方法 (isArray() method)

The Array.isArray() method returns true if an object is an array, false if it is not.

如果对象是数组,则Array.isArray()方法返回true否则返回false

Syntax:

句法:

Array.isArray(obj)

Parameters:

参数:

obj The object to be checked.

obj要检查的对象。

MDN link | MSDN link

MDN链接 | MSDN链接

Examples:

例子:

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// all following calls return true Array.isArray([]); Array.isArray([1]); Array.isArray(new Array()); // Little known fact: Array.prototype itself is an array: Array.isArray(Array.prototype); // all following calls return false Array.isArray(); Array.isArray({}); Array.isArray(null); Array.isArray(undefined); Array.isArray(17); Array.isArray('Array'); Array.isArray(true); Array.isArray(false); Array.isArray({ __proto__: Array.prototype });

Array.prototype.forEach (Array.prototype.forEach)

The ‘forEach’ array method is used to iterate through each item in an array. The method is called on the array Object and is passed a function that is called on each item in the array.

“ forEach”数组方法用于遍历数组中的每个项目。 该方法在对象数组上调用,并传递给在数组中每个项目上调用的函数。

var arr = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];

arr.forEach(number => console.log(number * 2));

// 2
// 4
// 6
// 8
// 10

The callback function can also take a second parameter of an index in case you need to reference the index of the current item in the array.

如果您需要引用数组中当前项目的索引,则回调函数还可以使用索引的第二个参数。

var arr = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];

arr.forEach((number, i) => console.log(`${number} is at index ${i}`));

// '1 is at index 0'
// '2 is at index 1'
// '3 is at index 2'
// '4 is at index 3'
// '5 is at index 4'

进一步了解数组: (Further reading about arrays:)

array.prototype.filter

array.prototype.filter

array.prototype.reduce

array.prototype.reduce

翻译自: https://www.freecodecamp.org/news/javascript-array-length/

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