JDK源码研究Jstack,JMap,threaddump,dumpheap的原理

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参加OpenJDK社区:https://bugs.openjdk.java.net/projects/JDK/issues

openjdk源码地址:

https://jdk.java.net/java-se-ri/8

https://download.java.net/openjdk/jdk8u40/ri/openjdk-8u40-src-b25-10_feb_2015.zip

如果国外网速不行,这里有下好放csdn上的: JDK源码 openjdk-8u40-src-b25-10_feb_2015.zip

线上源码:http://hg.openjdk.java.net/jdk8u/jdk8u/hotspot/file/6e2900603bc6/

如果官网很慢,可以直接CSDN下载:https://download.csdn.net/download/21aspnet/11028742

JEP 0:JEP指数:http://openjdk.java.net/jeps/0

Java8官方文档总目录   

Java8语言规范      Java8虚拟机规范     HotSpot虚拟机垃圾收集调整指南

Java8 API

--------------

https://jdk.java.net/java-se-ri/12

https://download.java.net/openjdk/jdk12/ri/openjdk-12+32_src.zip

----------------

Java语言和虚拟机规范[各语言总目录]

其他jdk文档地址:https://docs.oracle.com/en/java/javase/index.html

----

扩展阅读:虽然是历史资源,但是还是闪烁着智慧的

Oracle JRockit文档    Oracle JRockit在线文档   【有参考价值】

Oracle JRockit联机文档库4.0版   【很有价值】

----

Java12【总目录】

Java™教程【有参考价值】:

学习Java语言   异常   基本I/O    并发  泛型  反射  集合  序列化

Lambda表达式  聚合操作   

垃圾收集调整【重要】    Java虚拟机指南【很重要】    JRockit到HotSpot迁移指南【有参考价值】

故障排除指南【重要】

https://docs.oracle.com/en/java/javase/11/   和12类似

----

分析Jstack源码

这是起点>>> 

\openjdk\jdk\src\share\classes\sun\tools目录下

JDK源码研究Jstack,JMap,threaddump,dumpheap的原理

常见的jvm命令jstack  jmap   jps都在这里

package sun.tools.jstack;

import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.lang.reflect.Constructor;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;

import com.sun.tools.attach.VirtualMachine;
import com.sun.tools.attach.AttachNotSupportedException;
import sun.tools.attach.HotSpotVirtualMachine;

/*
 * This class is the main class for the JStack utility. It parses its arguments
 * and decides if the command should be executed by the SA JStack tool or by
 * obtained the thread dump from a target process using the VM attach mechanism
 */
public class JStack {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        if (args.length == 0) {
            usage(1); // no arguments
        }

        boolean useSA = false;
        boolean mixed = false;
        boolean locks = false;

        // Parse the options (arguments starting with "-" )
        int optionCount = 0;
        while (optionCount < args.length) {
            String arg = args[optionCount];
            if (!arg.startsWith("-")) {
                break;
            }
            if (arg.equals("-help") || arg.equals("-h")) {
                usage(0);
            }
            else if (arg.equals("-F")) {
                useSA = true;
            }
            else {
                if (arg.equals("-m")) {
                    mixed = true;
                } else {
                    if (arg.equals("-l")) {
                       locks = true;
                    } else {
                        usage(1);
                    }
                }
            }
            optionCount++;
        }

        // mixed stack implies SA tool
        if (mixed) {
            useSA = true;
        }

        // Next we check the parameter count. If there are two parameters
        // we assume core file and executable so we use SA.
        int paramCount = args.length - optionCount;
        if (paramCount == 0 || paramCount > 2) {
            usage(1);
        }
        if (paramCount == 2) {
            useSA = true;
        } else {
            // If we can't parse it as a pid then it must be debug server
            if (!args[optionCount].matches("[0-9]+")) {
                useSA = true;
            }
        }

        // now execute using the SA JStack tool or the built-in thread dumper
        if (useSA) {
            // parameters (<pid> or <exe> <core>
            String params[] = new String[paramCount];
            for (int i=optionCount; i<args.length; i++ ){
                params[i-optionCount] = args[i];
            }
            runJStackTool(mixed, locks, params);
        } else {
            // pass -l to thread dump operation to get extra lock info
            String pid = args[optionCount];
            String params[];
            if (locks) {
                params = new String[] { "-l" };
            } else {
                params = new String[0];
            }
            runThreadDump(pid, params);
        }
    }

根据传入参数的不同,有两种实现机制,一种是基于SA,一种是通过attach。

下面是jmap部分代码下面是用的最多的:

 // Invoke SA tool  with the given arguments
    private static void runTool(String option, String args[]) throws Exception {
        String[][] tools = {
            { "-pmap",          "sun.jvm.hotspot.tools.PMap"             },
            { "-heap",          "sun.jvm.hotspot.tools.HeapSummary"      },
            { "-heap:format=b", "sun.jvm.hotspot.tools.HeapDumper"       },
            { "-histo",         "sun.jvm.hotspot.tools.ObjectHistogram"  },
            { "-clstats",       "sun.jvm.hotspot.tools.ClassLoaderStats" },
            { "-finalizerinfo", "sun.jvm.hotspot.tools.FinalizerInfo"    },
        };

------------------- 

都是通过 executeCommand 来实现的,例如:datadump、threaddump、dumpheap、inspectheap、jcmd等,而最终的execute()在Linux上是由类LinuxVirtualMachine来完成。

public abstract class HotSpotVirtualMachine extends VirtualMachine {
...
    // --- HotSpot specific methods ---

    // same as SIGQUIT
    public void localDataDump() throws IOException {
        executeCommand("datadump").close();
    }

    // Remote ctrl-break. The output of the ctrl-break actions can
    // be read from the input stream.
    public InputStream remoteDataDump(Object ... args) throws IOException {
        return executeCommand("threaddump", args);
    }

    // Remote heap dump. The output (error message) can be read from the
    // returned input stream.
    public InputStream dumpHeap(Object ... args) throws IOException {
        return executeCommand("dumpheap", args);
    }

    // Heap histogram (heap inspection in HotSpot)
    public InputStream heapHisto(Object ... args) throws IOException {
        return executeCommand("inspectheap", args);
    }

    // set JVM command line flag
    public InputStream setFlag(String name, String value) throws IOException {
        return executeCommand("setflag", name, value);
    }

    // print command line flag
    public InputStream printFlag(String name) throws IOException {
        return executeCommand("printflag", name);
    }

    public InputStream executeJCmd(String command) throws IOException {
        return executeCommand("jcmd", command);
    }

    // -- Supporting methods

-----------------------------------

jstack命令首先会attach到目标jvm进程,产生VirtualMachine类;

linux系统下,其实现类为LinuxVirtualMachine,调用其remoteDataDump方法,打印堆栈信息;

VirtualMachine是如何连接到目标JVM进程的呢?
具体的实现逻辑在sun.tools.attach.LinuxVirtualMachine的构造函数:

    // The patch to the socket file created by the target VM
    String path;

    /**
     * Attaches to the target VM
     */
    LinuxVirtualMachine(AttachProvider provider, String vmid)
        throws AttachNotSupportedException, IOException
    {
        super(provider, vmid);

        // This provider only understands pids
        int pid;
        try {
            pid = Integer.parseInt(vmid);
        } catch (NumberFormatException x) {
            throw new AttachNotSupportedException("Invalid process identifier");
        }

        // Find the socket file. If not found then we attempt to start the
        // attach mechanism in the target VM by sending it a QUIT signal.
        // Then we attempt to find the socket file again.
        path = findSocketFile(pid);
        if (path == null) {
            File f = createAttachFile(pid);
            try {
                // On LinuxThreads each thread is a process and we don't have the
                // pid of the VMThread which has SIGQUIT unblocked. To workaround
                // this we get the pid of the "manager thread" that is created
                // by the first call to pthread_create. This is parent of all
                // threads (except the initial thread).
                if (isLinuxThreads) {
                    int mpid;
                    try {
                        mpid = getLinuxThreadsManager(pid);
                    } catch (IOException x) {
                        throw new AttachNotSupportedException(x.getMessage());
                    }
                    assert(mpid >= 1);
                    sendQuitToChildrenOf(mpid);
                } else {
                    sendQuitTo(pid);
                }

                // give the target VM time to start the attach mechanism
                int i = 0;
                long delay = 200;
                int retries = (int)(attachTimeout() / delay);
                do {
                    try {
                        Thread.sleep(delay);
                    } catch (InterruptedException x) { }
                    path = findSocketFile(pid);
                    i++;
                } while (i <= retries && path == null);
                if (path == null) {
                    throw new AttachNotSupportedException(
                        "Unable to open socket file: target process not responding " +
                        "or HotSpot VM not loaded");
                }
            } finally {
                f.delete();
            }
        }

        // Check that the file owner/permission to avoid attaching to
        // bogus process
        checkPermissions(path);

        // Check that we can connect to the process
        // - this ensures we throw the permission denied error now rather than
        // later when we attempt to enqueue a command.
        int s = socket();
        try {
            connect(s, path);
        } finally {
            close(s);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Detach from the target VM
     */
    public void detach() throws IOException {
        synchronized (this) {
            if (this.path != null) {
                this.path = null;
            }
        }
    }
  • 查找/tmp目录下是否存在".java_pid"+pid文件;
  • 如果文件不存在,则首先创建"/proc/" + pid + "/cwd/" + ".attach_pid" + pid文件,然后通过kill命令发送SIGQUIT信号给目标JVM进程;
  • 目标JVM进程接收到信号之后,会在/tmp目录下创建".java_pid"+pid文件
  • 当发现/tmp目录下存在".java_pid"+pid文件,LinuxVirtualMachine会通过connect系统调用连接到该文件描述符,后续通过该fd进行双方的通讯;

JVM接受SIGQUIT信号的相关逻辑在os.cpp文件的os::signal_init方法:

jstack是通过调用remoteDataDump方法实现的,该方法就是通过往前面提到的fd中写入threaddump指令,读取返回结果,从而得到目标JVM的堆栈信息。

----------------------------------

jstack等命令会与jvm进程建立socket连接,发送对应的指令(jstack发送了threaddump指令),然后再读取返回的数据。

/**
     * Execute the given command in the target VM.
     */
    InputStream execute(String cmd, Object ... args) throws AgentLoadException, IOException {
        assert args.length <= 3;                // includes null

        // did we detach?
        String p;
        synchronized (this) {
            if (this.path == null) {
                throw new IOException("Detached from target VM");
            }
            p = this.path;
        }

        // create UNIX socket
        int s = socket();

        // connect to target VM
        try {
            connect(s, p);
        } catch (IOException x) {
            close(s);
            throw x;
        }

        IOException ioe = null;

        // connected - write request
        // <ver> <cmd> <args...>
        try {
            writeString(s, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            writeString(s, cmd);

            for (int i=0; i<3; i++) {
                if (i < args.length && args[i] != null) {
                    writeString(s, (String)args[i]);
                } else {
                    writeString(s, "");
                }
            }
        } catch (IOException x) {
            ioe = x;
        }


        // Create an input stream to read reply
        SocketInputStream sis = new SocketInputStream(s);

        // Read the command completion status
        int completionStatus;
        try {
            completionStatus = readInt(sis);
        } catch (IOException x) {
            sis.close();
            if (ioe != null) {
                throw ioe;
            } else {
                throw x;
            }
        }

        if (completionStatus != 0) {
            // read from the stream and use that as the error message
            String message = readErrorMessage(sis);
            sis.close();

            // In the event of a protocol mismatch then the target VM
            // returns a known error so that we can throw a reasonable
            // error.
            if (completionStatus == ATTACH_ERROR_BADVERSION) {
                throw new IOException("Protocol mismatch with target VM");
            }

            // Special-case the "load" command so that the right exception is
            // thrown.
            if (cmd.equals("load")) {
                throw new AgentLoadException("Failed to load agent library");
            } else {
                if (message == null) {
                    throw new AttachOperationFailedException("Command failed in target VM");
                } else {
                    throw new AttachOperationFailedException(message);
                }
            }
        }

        // Return the input stream so that the command output can be read
        return sis;
    }

 

-----------------

下面是C++部分

\openjdk\hotspot\src\share\vm\services\attachListener.hpp

// Table to map operation names to functions.

// names must be of length <= AttachOperation::name_length_max
static AttachOperationFunctionInfo funcs[] = {
  { "agentProperties",  get_agent_properties },
  { "datadump",         data_dump },
  { "dumpheap",         dump_heap },
  { "load",             JvmtiExport::load_agent_library },
  { "properties",       get_system_properties },
  { "threaddump",       thread_dump },
  { "inspectheap",      heap_inspection },
  { "setflag",          set_flag },
  { "printflag",        print_flag },
  { "jcmd",             jcmd },
  { NULL,               NULL }
};

\openjdk\hotspot\src\os\linux\vm\attachListener_linux.cpp

侦听socket

// The attach mechanism on Linux uses a UNIX domain socket. An attach listener
// thread is created at startup or is created on-demand via a signal from
// the client tool. The attach listener creates a socket and binds it to a file
// in the filesystem. The attach listener then acts as a simple (single-
// threaded) server - it waits for a client to connect, reads the request,
// executes it, and returns the response to the client via the socket
// connection.
//
// As the socket is a UNIX domain socket it means that only clients on the
// local machine can connect. In addition there are two other aspects to
// the security:
// 1. The well known file that the socket is bound to has permission 400
// 2. When a client connect, the SO_PEERCRED socket option is used to
//    obtain the credentials of client. We check that the effective uid
//    of the client matches this process.

....
// Initialization - create a listener socket and bind it to a file

int LinuxAttachListener::init() {
  char path[UNIX_PATH_MAX];          // socket file
  char initial_path[UNIX_PATH_MAX];  // socket file during setup
  int listener;                      // listener socket (file descriptor)

  // register function to cleanup
  ::atexit(listener_cleanup);

  int n = snprintf(path, UNIX_PATH_MAX, "%s/.java_pid%d",
                   os::get_temp_directory(), os::current_process_id());
  if (n < (int)UNIX_PATH_MAX) {
    n = snprintf(initial_path, UNIX_PATH_MAX, "%s.tmp", path);
  }
  if (n >= (int)UNIX_PATH_MAX) {
    return -1;
  }

  // create the listener socket
  listener = ::socket(PF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
  if (listener == -1) {
    return -1;
  }

  // bind socket
  struct sockaddr_un addr;
  addr.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
  strcpy(addr.sun_path, initial_path);
  ::unlink(initial_path);
  int res = ::bind(listener, (struct sockaddr*)&addr, sizeof(addr));
  if (res == -1) {
    ::close(listener);
    return -1;
  }

  // put in listen mode, set permissions, and rename into place
  res = ::listen(listener, 5);
  if (res == 0) {
      RESTARTABLE(::chmod(initial_path, S_IREAD|S_IWRITE), res);
      if (res == 0) {
          res = ::rename(initial_path, path);
      }
  }
  if (res == -1) {
    ::close(listener);
    ::unlink(initial_path);
    return -1;
  }
  set_path(path);
  set_listener(listener);

  return 0;
}
....

再就是一个个命令对应去看具体代码实现,以dumpheap为例:

\openjdk\hotspot\src\share\vm\services\heapDumper.cpp

// The VM operation that dumps the heap. The dump consists of the following
// records:
//
//  HPROF_HEADER
//  [HPROF_UTF8]*
//  [HPROF_LOAD_CLASS]*
//  [[HPROF_FRAME]*|HPROF_TRACE]*
//  [HPROF_GC_CLASS_DUMP]*
//  HPROF_HEAP_DUMP
//
// The HPROF_TRACE records represent the stack traces where the heap dump
// is generated and a "dummy trace" record which does not include
// any frames. The dummy trace record is used to be referenced as the
// unknown object alloc site.
//
// The HPROF_HEAP_DUMP record has a length following by sub-records. To allow
// the heap dump be generated in a single pass we remember the position of
// the dump length and fix it up after all sub-records have been written.
// To generate the sub-records we iterate over the heap, writing
// HPROF_GC_INSTANCE_DUMP, HPROF_GC_OBJ_ARRAY_DUMP, and HPROF_GC_PRIM_ARRAY_DUMP
// records as we go. Once that is done we write records for some of the GC
// roots.


// HPROF_TRACE记录表示堆转储的堆栈跟踪
//生成并且“虚拟跟踪”记录不包括
//任何帧 虚拟跟踪记录用于引用
//未知对象分配站点。
//
// HPROF_HEAP_DUMP记录的子记录长度如下。 允许
//在一次传递中生成堆转储,我们记住了它的位置
//转储长度并在写完所有子记录后修复它。
//为了生成子记录,我们迭代堆,写
// HPROF_GC_INSTANCE_DUMP,HPROF_GC_OBJ_ARRAY_DUMP和HPROF_GC_PRIM_ARRAY_DUMP
//我们去的记录。 完成后,我们会为某些GC编写记录
//根
void VM_HeapDumper::doit() {

  HandleMark hm;
  CollectedHeap* ch = Universe::heap();

  ch->ensure_parsability(false); // must happen, even if collection does
                                 // not happen (e.g. due to GC_locker)

  if (_gc_before_heap_dump) {
    if (GC_locker::is_active()) {
      warning("GC locker is held; pre-heapdump GC was skipped");
    } else {
      ch->collect_as_vm_thread(GCCause::_heap_dump);
    }
  }

  // At this point we should be the only dumper active, so
  // the following should be safe.
  set_global_dumper();
  set_global_writer();

  // Write the file header - use 1.0.2 for large heaps, otherwise 1.0.1
  size_t used = ch->used();
  const char* header;
  if (used > (size_t)SegmentedHeapDumpThreshold) {
    set_segmented_dump();
    header = "JAVA PROFILE 1.0.2";
  } else {
    header = "JAVA PROFILE 1.0.1";
  }

  // header is few bytes long - no chance to overflow int
  writer()->write_raw((void*)header, (int)strlen(header));
  writer()->write_u1(0); // terminator
  writer()->write_u4(oopSize);
  writer()->write_u8(os::javaTimeMillis());

  // HPROF_UTF8 records
  SymbolTableDumper sym_dumper(writer());
  SymbolTable::symbols_do(&sym_dumper);

  // write HPROF_LOAD_CLASS records
  ClassLoaderDataGraph::classes_do(&do_load_class);
  Universe::basic_type_classes_do(&do_load_class);

  // write HPROF_FRAME and HPROF_TRACE records
  // this must be called after _klass_map is built when iterating the classes above.
  dump_stack_traces();

  // write HPROF_HEAP_DUMP or HPROF_HEAP_DUMP_SEGMENT
  write_dump_header();

  // Writes HPROF_GC_CLASS_DUMP records
  ClassLoaderDataGraph::classes_do(&do_class_dump);
  Universe::basic_type_classes_do(&do_basic_type_array_class_dump);
  check_segment_length();

  // writes HPROF_GC_INSTANCE_DUMP records.
  // After each sub-record is written check_segment_length will be invoked. When
  // generated a segmented heap dump this allows us to check if the current
  // segment exceeds a threshold and if so, then a new segment is started.
  // The HPROF_GC_CLASS_DUMP and HPROF_GC_INSTANCE_DUMP are the vast bulk
  // of the heap dump.
  HeapObjectDumper obj_dumper(this, writer());
  Universe::heap()->safe_object_iterate(&obj_dumper);

  // HPROF_GC_ROOT_THREAD_OBJ + frames + jni locals
  do_threads();
  check_segment_length();

  // HPROF_GC_ROOT_MONITOR_USED
  MonitorUsedDumper mon_dumper(writer());
  ObjectSynchronizer::oops_do(&mon_dumper);
  check_segment_length();

  // HPROF_GC_ROOT_JNI_GLOBAL
  JNIGlobalsDumper jni_dumper(writer());
  JNIHandles::oops_do(&jni_dumper);
  check_segment_length();

  // HPROF_GC_ROOT_STICKY_CLASS
  StickyClassDumper class_dumper(writer());
  SystemDictionary::always_strong_classes_do(&class_dumper);

  // fixes up the length of the dump record. In the case of a segmented
  // heap then the HPROF_HEAP_DUMP_END record is also written.
  end_of_dump();

  // Now we clear the global variables, so that a future dumper might run.
  clear_global_dumper();
  clear_global_writer();
}
void VM_HeapDumper::dump_stack_traces() {
  // write a HPROF_TRACE record without any frames to be referenced as object alloc sites
  DumperSupport::write_header(writer(), HPROF_TRACE, 3*sizeof(u4));
  writer()->write_u4((u4) STACK_TRACE_ID);
  writer()->write_u4(0);                    // thread number
  writer()->write_u4(0);                    // frame count

  _stack_traces = NEW_C_HEAP_ARRAY(ThreadStackTrace*, Threads::number_of_threads(), mtInternal);
  int frame_serial_num = 0;
  for (JavaThread* thread = Threads::first(); thread != NULL ; thread = thread->next()) {
    oop threadObj = thread->threadObj();
    if (threadObj != NULL && !thread->is_exiting() && !thread->is_hidden_from_external_view()) {
      // dump thread stack trace
      ThreadStackTrace* stack_trace = new ThreadStackTrace(thread, false);
      stack_trace->dump_stack_at_safepoint(-1);
      _stack_traces[_num_threads++] = stack_trace;

      // write HPROF_FRAME records for this thread's stack trace
      int depth = stack_trace->get_stack_depth();
      int thread_frame_start = frame_serial_num;
      int extra_frames = 0;
      // write fake frame that makes it look like the thread, which caused OOME,
      // is in the OutOfMemoryError zero-parameter constructor
      if (thread == _oome_thread && _oome_constructor != NULL) {
        int oome_serial_num = _klass_map->find(_oome_constructor->method_holder());
        // the class serial number starts from 1
        assert(oome_serial_num > 0, "OutOfMemoryError class not found");
        DumperSupport::dump_stack_frame(writer(), ++frame_serial_num, oome_serial_num,
                                        _oome_constructor, 0);
        extra_frames++;
      }
      for (int j=0; j < depth; j++) {
        StackFrameInfo* frame = stack_trace->stack_frame_at(j);
        Method* m = frame->method();
        int class_serial_num = _klass_map->find(m->method_holder());
        // the class serial number starts from 1
        assert(class_serial_num > 0, "class not found");
        DumperSupport::dump_stack_frame(writer(), ++frame_serial_num, class_serial_num, m, frame->bci());
      }
      depth += extra_frames;

      // write HPROF_TRACE record for one thread
      DumperSupport::write_header(writer(), HPROF_TRACE, 3*sizeof(u4) + depth*oopSize);
      int stack_serial_num = _num_threads + STACK_TRACE_ID;
      writer()->write_u4(stack_serial_num);      // stack trace serial number
      writer()->write_u4((u4) _num_threads);     // thread serial number
      writer()->write_u4(depth);                 // frame count
      for (int j=1; j <= depth; j++) {
        writer()->write_id(thread_frame_start + j);
      }
    }
  }
}
// dump the heap to given path.
PRAGMA_FORMAT_NONLITERAL_IGNORED_EXTERNAL
int HeapDumper::dump(const char* path) {
  assert(path != NULL && strlen(path) > 0, "path missing");

  // print message in interactive case
  if (print_to_tty()) {
    tty->print_cr("Dumping heap to %s ...", path);
    timer()->start();
  }

  // create the dump writer. If the file can be opened then bail
  DumpWriter writer(path);
  if (!writer.is_open()) {
    set_error(writer.error());
    if (print_to_tty()) {
      tty->print_cr("Unable to create %s: %s", path,
        (error() != NULL) ? error() : "reason unknown");
    }
    return -1;
  }

  // generate the dump
  VM_HeapDumper dumper(&writer, _gc_before_heap_dump, _oome);
  if (Thread::current()->is_VM_thread()) {
    assert(SafepointSynchronize::is_at_safepoint(), "Expected to be called at a safepoint");
    dumper.doit();
  } else {
    VMThread::execute(&dumper);
  }

  // close dump file and record any error that the writer may have encountered
  writer.close();
  set_error(writer.error());

  // print message in interactive case
  if (print_to_tty()) {
    timer()->stop();
    if (error() == NULL) {
      char msg[256];
      sprintf(msg, "Heap dump file created [%s bytes in %3.3f secs]",
        JLONG_FORMAT, timer()->seconds());
PRAGMA_DIAG_PUSH
PRAGMA_FORMAT_NONLITERAL_IGNORED_INTERNAL
      tty->print_cr(msg, writer.bytes_written());
PRAGMA_DIAG_POP
    } else {
      tty->print_cr("Dump file is incomplete: %s", writer.error());
    }
  }

  return (writer.error() == NULL) ? 0 : -1;
}

 

说明:本文参考了《jstack是如何获取threaddump的》和《java attach机制源码阅读》这两篇都是java部分的缺少C++,然后C++部分是我加上的。

--------------------

OpenJDK源码学习-加载本地库

从整个加载本地库的流程来看,基本上还是调用和平台有关的函数来完成的,并在加载和卸载的时候分别调用了两个生命周期回调函数 JNI_OnLoadJNI_OnUnLoad

以linux平台为例,简单总结一下整个so库的加载流程:

  1. 首先 System.loadLibrary() 被调用,开始整个加载过程。
  2. 其中调用 ClassLoader 对象来完成主要工作,将每个本地库封装成 NativeLibrary 对象,并以静态变量存到已经加载过的栈中。
  3. 执行NativeLibrary 类的 load native方法,来交给native层去指向具体的加载工作。
  4. native层 ClassLoader.c 中的 Java_java_lang_ClassLoader_00024NativeLibrary_load 函数被调用。
  5. 在native load函数中首先使用 dlopen 来加载so本地库文件,并将返回的handle保存到 NativeLibrary对象中。
  6. 接着查找已经加载的so本地库中的 JNI_OnLoad 函数,并执行它。
  7. 整个so本地库的加载流程完毕。

只有在 NativeLibrary 对象被GC回收的时候,其 finalize 方法被调用了,对应加载的本地库才会被 unload 。这种情况一般来说并不会发生,因为 NativeLibrary 对象是以静态变量的形式被保存的,而静态变量是 GC roots,一般来说都不会被回收掉的。

本文来源21aspnet,由架构君转载发布,观点不代表Java架构师必看的立场,转载请标明来源出处:https://javajgs.com/archives/2175

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